Symbols in Papyri

On the bottom right of the Transcribe page, there is a box with many symbols. These symbols are found mainly in documentary papyi, but a few belong to literary fragments.

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ἄρουρα: area measure; 2756 square meters

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ἀρτάβη: dry measure; 38.808 liters

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χοῖνιξ: dry measure; .97 liter

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λίτρα: a measure of weight; 12 ounces

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τάλαντον: 6,000 drachmas

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δραχμή: coin (about 323 g) worth 6 obols

Imageστιγμα: the number six

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multiple uses: it can stand for drachma, the number ½, or the year (ἔτους)

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τριώβολον: 3 obols

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δηνάριος: Roman monetary unit

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μυριάς: the number 10,000

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νόμισμα: the “solidus” gold coin

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πυρός: wheat

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σαμπι: the number 900

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κοππα: the number 90

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γίνεται: total


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ἔτους: indicates a year (see blog post on numbers)

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forked paragraphos: indicates a specific break in the text

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ImageThis one has many uses! Its most famous use is as a Christian sign (Christ = χριστος), but it was also used as an editorial symbol, χρησις (passage) and χρηστον (useful); other appearances include in Magical papyri and for χρονος.

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coronis: marks significant breaks or subsections of text

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Coronides come in many forms. This bird-shaped one appears in Timotheus’ Persae, one of our oldest Greek papyrus fragments.

Sources:

Bagnall, Roger S. The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. Print.

The TLG Beta Code Manual (Maintained by Nick Nicholas, TLG, 2000-08-21)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronis_(textual_symbol)

http://tebtunis.berkeley.edu/collection/glossary

http://www.sizes.com/units/artaba.htm

Theresa Chresand

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